Here is a wonderful video that goes into the properties of camera lenses and explains the features of the modern camera lens for both photography and cinematography. Topics include Focal Length, Aperture, Primes vs. Zooms as well as some specialty features.
Video by Filmaker IQ
Tony Zhou breaks down films and their cinematography in order to learn how to tell stories better. He posts these remarkable videos on YouTube where he shares what he has learned.
As photographers there is so much to be learned from this!
One of my favorites is his analysis of Michael Bay's films:
I suggest you to head over to his youtube channel Every Frame A Painting because there is a goldmine of knowledge there.
Also if you want to learn more about Tony himself he did an AMA here.